Chronic respiratory diseases

Chronic respiratory diseases; Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD),
Image taken form: British Journal of General Practice

Introduction

Chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs); according to WHO, are diseases of the airways and other structures of the lungs. CDRs are preventable but not curable. Various forms of treatment that help dilate major air passages and improve shortness of breath can help in controlling symptoms and increase the quality of life of those who are suffering from these diseases.

According to WHO 235 million people have asthma; 64 million people have chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) while millions have allergic rhinitis and other chronic respiratory diseases.

 Some of the most common Chronic Respiratory Diseases CRDs are

 

Main risk factors

  • Indoor air pollution
  • Outdoor air pollution
  • allergens
  • tobacco smoking
  • occupational risks and vulnerability

 

 

References

  1. American college of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
  2. World Health Organization
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  4. National Heart lung and Blood Institute