Diabetes

Introduction

Diabetes is a non-communicable disease. This is caused when our pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produce.  Insulin is a hormone that that regulates the blood sugar.

Image taken from: WHO

Main types of Diabetes.

  • Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes also previously known as insulin –dependent, juvenile or childhood-onset diabetes, is characterized by deficient insulin production and requires daily administration of insulin. No or very little insulin is released into the body.  As a result, sugar builds up in the blood instead of being used as the energy. This diabetes occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and kills the beta cells of the pancreas.

  • Type 2 diabetes

It is formerly called as non-insulin dependent or adult-onset. It results from the body’s ineffective use of insulin. About 90% of the people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

  • Gestational diabetes

It is a temporary condition. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy, it is hyperglycemia with blood glucose values above normal but below those diagnostic of diabetes. In this pregnant woman and their children are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes in future.

 

The most common symptoms of diabetes are intense thirst and hunger, frequent urination, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal or takes very long time to heal, weight loss, numbness and tingling in hands and feet.

Image taken from http://www.diabeteszone.org/

 

References

  1. WHO
  2. Diabetes Canada
  3. CDC
  4. MedicalNewsToday
  5. DiabetesZone