Mental health is emotional, psychological and social well-beings. It affects how we think, feel and act. We can be all “sad” or blue at times in our lives. Mental health can affect daily life, relationship, and even physical health. While defining mental health according to WHO, “It is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”
A mental illness can be defined as a health condition that changes a person’s thinking, feelings, or believe (or all three) and that causes the person’s distress and difficulty in functioning. Individuals who have a mental illness don’t necessarily look like they are sick, especially if their illness is mild.
Some of the most common mental illness includes:
Mood disorders: Depression, mania, persistent depression disorder and bipolar are most common.
Anxiety disorders: They are the most common types of mental illness. The individual has a severe fear or anxiety, which is linked to certain objects or situation. Common examples of anxiety disorders are; panic disorder, phobias Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Psychotic disorder: Schizophernia is most common; it normally begins between ages of 15 and 25. The individual has thoughts that appear fragmented; they also find it hard to process information provided to them.
Early warning signs of mental health problem
- Withdrawing from people or activities they normally would enjoy.
- Having unexplained aches and pains
- Having low energy
- Yelling or fighting with family and friends
- Thinking of harming one’s self or others
- Feeling as if nothing matters
- Hearing voices
- Eating or sleeping to much or too little
- Smoking, drinking, or using drugs more than usual
Treating mental health
There are many ways people with mental health problem can be treated. But one should know theres not any blanket approach for to treat the problem. Some of them include:
- Support Group
- Self Help Plan
- National Institutes of Health (US); Biological Sciences Curriculum Study. NIH Curriculum Supplement Series [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); 2007. Information about Mental Illness and the Brain.