Types of Cancer

Types of cancer
Types of cancer

Introduction to Cancer

Cancer is a generic term given for a large group of diseases which are characterized by the growth of abnormal cells beyond their usual boundaries. After growing beyond usual boundaries they invade adjoining parts of the body and/or spread to other organs. Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally.

Some of the major types of cancer given by Centers for Disease control and Prevention are stated below.

 

 

 

Types of Cancer according to its rank and percentage of people affected worldwide. (Top 10 types of Cancer)  (year 2012)

Both the sexes

Rank Cancer Percent of all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer)
1 Lung 13.0
2 Breast 11.9
3 Colorectum 9.7
4 Prostate 7.9
5 Stomach 6.8
6 Liver 5.6
7 Cervix uteri 3.7
8 Oesophagus 3.2
9 Bladder 3.1
10 Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 2.7

 

Men

Rank Cancer Percent of all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer)
1 Lung 16.7
2 Prostate 15.0
3 Colorectum 10.0
4 Stomach 8.5
5 Liver 7.5
6 Bladder 4.4
7 Oesophagus 4.3
8 Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 2.9
9 Kidney 2.7
10 Leukemia 2.7

 

Women

Rank Cancer Percent of all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer)
1 Breast 25.2
2 Colorectum 9.2
3 Lung 8.8
4 Cervix uteri 7.9
5 Stomach and Corpus uteri * 4.8
6 Ovary 3.6
7 Thyroid 3.5
8 Liver 3.4
9 Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 2.5
10 Pancreas 2.4

*Both ranks 5th

 

 

 

References

  1. International Agency for Research on Cancer
  2. Centers for Disease control and Prevention
  3. National Cancer Institute
  4. World Health Organization